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Jeju Island

Jeju island

Jeju island

Jeju-do (Jeju-do) is the largest island in Korea and located south of the Korean Peninsula. Jeju Island is the only special autonomous province of South Korea.

Located in the Korea Strait, southwest of South Jeolla Province, which used to be the province before the split in 1946. The capital is Jeju City Jeju (Jeju-si).

Topography Jeju Island was formed about 2 million years ago by volcanic activity. In the middle of the island appears Hallasan (Mount Halla), the highest mountain in all of Korea (1,950 m). The island is warm climates throughout the year and on a rare winter snow, so the plants that grow in temperate regions can survive.

Jeju Island Samdado dubbed, “The island is abundant with Three Things” ie, rocks, wind and women]. Because it has a natural beauty and unique culture, Jeju Island is one of the most famous attractions in Korea.

In recorded history, Jeju is called in different names, ranging from Doi, Dongyeongju, Juho, Tammora, Seomna, Tangna or Tamra.
Jeju port city closest to the mainland Korea is Mokpo, South Jeolla province. Long coastline of 253 km, the overall area of ??1825 km ². Temperatures in Jeju can vary, ranging from tropical to subtropis. Average temperature per year is 14.6 ° C and 4.7 ° in the winter.

Diversity of flora that grows in Jeju are very different from those in the Korean Peninsula. Due to the good climate, the island is covered with more than 1,700 types of plants, so Jeju dubbed the “island of Botany” for its rich flora.

For centuries, the people of Jeju Island named as yukgoyeok (“six types workhorse”), which refers to people who are working on a variety of hard and heavy work for a living, such as searching for abalone and scallops by diving into the sea, the port building, farming, shipbuilding and farming. Often they are squeezed to pay tribute to the authorities in the capital.

Natural disasters such as droughts and hurricanes are also often result in crop failure and famine which took many lives.
Of the darkest events in the history of the people of Jeju is the bloody incident in the period of the formation of the Republic of Korea in 1948 to the period of the Korean War (1950-1953) when many of its citizens were massacred because they are considered as a hotbed of communist rebels or followers. Due to having a hard life by pressure authorities, Jeju residents are known as people who are resilient and able to survive in a difficult situation.

 

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