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Komodo National Park

Komodo National Park

Many things that you can see and do here. An amazing experience when you see the Komodo dragon up close in their natural habitat along the guide of course. On the island of Rinca, you can see the dragons lie outside the national park rangers or lying near a house officer. Previously, to be able to see the Komodo dragon, you have to give a goat to attract the attention of the Komodo dragon, but it is already prohibited at this time.

If you did not get to see the Komodo, Rinca and Komodo island it has beautiful scenery with white sandy beaches, mangrove forests, grasslands, savanna, and crystal clear blue beaches.

Here also you can do the activity of others such as diving and snorkeling. You can also go to sea with a sailboat or fishing boat. Suggested dive sites is Red Beach, Batu Bolong, and the island of Tatawa.

On Red Beach you will enjoy the beautiful beaches of pink sand. When the waves of change sweeping the sand color pink widened. This beach is estimated there are only 7 in the world. Coral reefs under the sea is amazing because it occupied a variety of colorful fish such as bat fish, butterfly fish, and clown fish. Estimated at 1000 species of fish, 260 coral species and 70 species of sponge. How, interested?

When you are in the boat do not be surprised when greeted by a dolphin, even if lucky you can see green sea turtles or whales swim in these waters.

If you want to see thousands of bats then you can stay in a motor boat in waters near the island of Rinca Island Bats.

The following is a description of nature in Komodo National Park.

Terrestrial Fauna

Animals that live in the Land
On this island the animals that live on land much smaller than the sea animals. However, even on land inhabited by little animals but it is a habitat for unique animals dragons. There are also many unique animals such as mammals, deer, pigs, monkeys, and ferrets. Some reptiles and birds are similar as found in Australia. Scrubfowl including orange-legged, Lesser Sulpher-crested Cockatoo, and nosy friarbird.

Komodo dragons are reptiles than 12 species of snakes that live inland island. Including the cobra (Naja naja sputatrix), Russel’s pit viper (Vipera russeli), and the venomous green tree snake (Trimeresurus albolabris). Lizards include 9 skink species (Scinidae), geckos (Gekkonidae), not limbed lizards (Dibamidae), and lizards (Varanidae). Bullfrog frog species such as Asia (Kaloula baleata), Oreophyne jeffersoniana, and Oreophyne darewskyi. They can usually be found in the humid highlands.

Mammals include timor deer (Cervus timorensis), the main prey Komodo dragon, horses (Equua sp.), Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), boar (Sus scrofa vittatus), long-tailed monkey (Macaca fascicularis), palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphrodites lehmanni ), mice that exist only on the island of Rinca (Rattus rintjanus), and fruit bats. You can also find goats, dogs, and cats.

Bird is one of the major species here. There scrubfowl legged orange (Megapodius reinwardti), birds that live on land. Savanna grasslands in the region there are 27 species that you can observe. Striata and Streptopelia chinensis Geopelia is the most common species. There are also 28 species of birds, Philemon buceroides, Ducula aenea, and Zosterops chloris the most frequently encountered.

Marine Physical Environment
Marine areas form 67% of the national park. Open waters of the park has a depth of 100 and 200 m. Strait of Rinca and Flores and Padar and Rinca, are relatively shallow depth of 30 to 70 m, with a large current. The combination of strong current, rocks and small islands to the islands around Komodo Island is difficult to reach and dangerous. Within the safe harbor contained in Loh Liang bay on the east coast of the island of Komodo, Padar southeast coast, and Gulf of Loh Kima and Loh Dasami on Rinca.

In the northern part of the national park, the water temperature ranges between 25-29 º C. In the middle, the water temperature ranges between 24 and 28 º C. Lower water temperatures in the south, ranges between 22-28 º C with a salinity of about 34 ppt and the water was quite clear even though the water is close to the island a bit murky.

Marine Ecosystems
Indonesia is the only region that is passed to the equator in the world where there is exchange of marine flora and fauna between the Pacific and Indian oceans. Corridor in the Nusa Tenggara (formerly Leusser Sunda islands) between the Sunda and Sahul transfer delay between the Pacific and Indian oceans. 3 main ecosystems in Komodo National Park is the expanse of ocean, coral reefs and mangrove forests (mangroves). This national park is cetacean migration path.

Sea plants
Three major marine flora is algae, seagrass, and mangrove trees. Algae are primitive plants that have no roots, leaves and stems. The composition of the important reef algae are coralline red algae that secrete a hard limestone skeleton that can be crusted and attachment of dead coral. Or Seagrass Seagrass is a modern plant that produces flowers, fruits, harbor, and seeds for reproduction. As the name suggests, the shape of seagrass as a grass that grows under the sea in the sand near the sea.

Thallasia sp. and Zastera spp. is the most common species in national parks. Mangroves can live in salty soil or water and can be found throughout the park. Identified at least 19 native species of mangroves and some other mangrove species in the park boundaries.

 

Sea Animals
Komodo National Park are included in one of the world’s richest marine. Marine life in the park were as many as 259 species of coral and 1,000 species of fish such as barracuda, marlin, yellow tail, red snapper, rabbitfish. Here you can find foram, cnidarians, including over 260 species of coral reef composition, about 70 species of sponges, ascidians, marine worms, molluscs, echinoderm, crustaceans, cartilaginous, and bony fish more than 1,000 species of marine reptiles, and marine mammals such as dolphins, whales and dugongs. Some important species of commercial value is the sea cucumber (Holothuria), Napoleon wrasse (Cheilinus undulates), and groups of fish such as sardines.

Foreign tourists seem to know and love dragons. According to the World Komodo expert from Indonesia, the Son of Poets, “As many as 99% of visitors are foreign tourists Komodo island, while a 1% local residents. This is due to higher funding needed for the island of Komodo. ”

Ironically, most of the people of Indonesia as a dragon owner and does not even have been interested to see the Komodo dragon. Many Indonesian people do not know where the dragons are, in fact I have a friend who thought the island of Komodo is located near the “Ujung Kulon …”

The existence of dragons were first discovered by western scientists in 1910. They call it the Komodo dragon. Animals are similar cannibal dragon with a thick scaly skin and a red tongue is always hanging out. Now less than 2500 “dragon” is a meat-eater inhabit Komodo National Park (KNP) in West Manggarai, NTT. About 1,100 tails inhabit the island of Rinca and Komodo dragons on Komodo Island 1300.

Labuan Bajo-Komodo-Step Meeting

Labuan Bajo is the gate to enter the KNP or Komodo National Park. Plane from Denpasar Bali or Kupang landed at Komodo Airport, proceed across the sea to the island of Komodo or Rinca island of Labuan Bajo pier. In this dock all ships anchored large, medium, and small to Komodo Island. Luxury ship with flags and symbols of various countries freely anchored here. August is the peak current density of the park board, because of the long holiday season. On the pier you can negotiate with the owner of the vessel to charter a speed boat or boat motor. About 20 boats meet the dock every morning, some have Most Wanted by the buyer, so you should come early.

Rinca Island: 2 hours by boat from Labuan Bajo. IN this island there is a pier Loh Crocodile, where a small boat and was docked. There is a bungalow which is being renovated for a researcher or a documentary team to stay. Also available is the cafeteria and bathrooms. Tourists generally prefer to Rinca island because it is closer than the island of Komodo, and flat so that the contours of his island see more dragons.

Komodo Island: 4 hours by boat, or 1.5 hours by speed boat, pier named Loh Liang. Towards the island of high currents and waves up to 4 meters, especially in January through March. There is lodging rates start from about U.S. $ 40. But most tourists who visit the island of Komodo to spend the night in a boat / boat is equipped with toilet and kitchen.

To reach the island where dwells the dragons, sea transport is not available generally. The only way to just charter a boat from the pier of Labuan Bajo. Tariff small boat with a capacity of 8 people to the island of Rinca eg cheapest about U.S. $ 60, while the island of Komodo rate of  US. $ 80.

If you choose a larger boat with a toilet and kitchen, with a capacity of 10 people charge around about U.S. $ 100 a full day return trip to the island of Rinca. If you want more quickly, you can rent a speed boat with a capacity of 8 persons. Only about 1 hour to reach the island of Rinca, a rate of about U.S. $ 300-500.

Since Labuan Bajo on the dock until the KNP you will meet a lot of Western tourists. Barely met domestic travelers. The reluctance of local tourists visiting the dragons in the Park may be due to the cost of aircraft that reached  (U.S. $ 300) went back on the Jakarta-Denpasar-Labuan Bajo.

Actually there is a cheaper way to Komodo Island is by a combination of land and sea, but of course much longer time. The terrain is challenging, and certainly more tiring. Many Caucasian backpacker, who use this route. Of Senggigi Beach Lombok, they gang-raped (about 20 people) hire a boat to the KNP. At a cost of U.S. $ 200 means that only U.S. $ 10 per head. Sea travel by boat from the island of Lombok is taken for 3 days 2 nights, but for the backpacker long journey over the ocean it is an exciting marine tourism.

In general, a trip to visit the Komodo dragon is not cheap. We need at least U.S. $ 500) per person for tourists from Jakarta. It is no wonder why domestic tourists think a thousand times to see the dragons.

Estimated cost to the Park as follows:

Jkt-Denpasar go-home  (U.S. $ 140)

Denpasar-Labuan Bajo to go-back to U.S. $ 160

How Wild Komodo?

Ancient animal was formerly greatly feared by many people, because of the large tail can knock down a buffalo, horses, and deer with a single flick. Had 4 feet big, very sharp teeth 26 each measuring 4 cm, and a red forked tongue. Not only that, a large and powerful jaws capable of swallowing a variety of animals in one fell swoop.

He was able to find prey in tens km from the front. Komodo has a sharp smell and bite of the deadly bacterial toxins in the saliva to paralyze their prey. After a bite, then it follows the prey already hurt for days, until finally did die, and then he ate it. Komodo dragons are known to swim champion and that’s how he then did explore the islands around Flores.

This is He, The Komodos!

– Dock: a Harbour various local and foreign ships in the KNP. Do not be surprised when you step on the island is met by dragons roam free.
– Heading keep conservation: 0.5 miles from the dock gates. Pay admission, which is different for local tourists, foreigners and residents of NTT / students.

Domestic tourists Rp 75.000, –

Foreign tourists 15 U.S. $

NTT resident / student Rp 10,000

– The handler (ranger): After paying the ticket, the ranger will walk up the hill. Ranger is always armed with a stick of wood shaped Y. Dragons nest in the event of a sudden, this stick is used to hold the neck and usually komodo dragons will berhenti.Namun the ranger did not escape the dragons attacks, some of the ranger was bitten and had to be rushed to hospital in Bali / Denpasar. Because the bite of the Komodo dragon contains deadly bacteria.

– Komodo everywhere: Even at home under the stage were several adult dragons tail, measuring more than 2 meters. On the morning after at 08.00, dragons look lazy to move. According to the ranger, this attitude is the attitude of the actual camouflage in a state ready to strike if the stimulus smell the smell of blood / fishy or other animals such as goats, deer, pigs, buffaloes, cows and even fish.

1-hour-trip route: Down the conservation of forest roads, which kept its natural authenticity. Some dragons are generally passed under the age of 2 years. Visitors will often see children walking in the bush forest dragons, because Komodo dragons after the baby is born to live in trees to avoid cannibalism parent dragons.

– Cafeteria: The End of the trip route, where visitors rest. There is a souvenir in the form of wooden sculptures dragons, small drink and food. Beside it was the victims display dragons, skulls of various species of animals, ranging from buffalo skulls, cows, pigs and monkeys.

Safety tips visit the Komodo dragons in Komodo National Park:

1. Wear soft-colored clothing to avoid attracting the attention of dragons.

2. Do not bring a camera or anything in a way portable, since it can attract the attention of dragons.

3. Do not be noisy or rowdy.

4. If menses (menstruation), do not enter the area roam dragons, dragons are very keen sense of smell.

5. Bring drinking water sufficiently, because the heat of the weather can      result  in dehydration.
6. Use sunblock, comfortable shoes are also for trekking.

Oh yes one more thing, do not be far away from the ranger. Because only with his magic wand that can prevent you from dragon attacks.

 

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