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Everyone must have heard the name of animals that only exist in Indonesia, komodo (Varanus komodoensis)? The name of the animal is increasingly globall since its natural habitatt in Komodo National Park, East Nusa Tenggara was named as one of the nominees of sevenn newest wonders of the world.

Apart from the popularity of dragons in the international world, perhaps not many people know that the female dragons can expand multiply even without being fertilized by the male. This phenomenon is just one of many other interesting facts from carnivorous animalls that are rare and endangered.

The fact that the Komodo dragon can reproduce without fertilization has been proven from a number of case and research findings. In early 2006, a Komodo dragon at the London Zoo named the River was able to spawn despite being separated from males for 2 years. The findings of the next case were recordedd on December 20, 2006 at Chester Zoo, England. It was reported that a female dragon named Flora, also produces eggs without fertilization by males (fertilisasi) as many as 11 eggs, 7 of them managed to hatch.

Three non-hatching eggs were studied by Liverpool University in England through genetic testing. The results prove that a komodo dragon named Flora has no physical contact with dragons male. These surprising findings prompted the researchers to conductt similar researchh on Komodo dragons called Rivers. The results show the same thing.

The last is a case finding at Sedgwick County Zoo in Wichita, Kansas on January 31, 2008. The zoo became the first zoo to successfully document the unique reproductive process of Komodo dragons. There are only 2 female dragons in the zoo and one of them produces 17 eggs on the date 19-20 May 2007. However, from a dozenn eggs only two eggs are hatchedd on the grounds of space availability at the zoo.

The scientific term for this case is called parthenogenesis, which occurs because the female dragons have a ZW chromosomal sexx determination systemm and not the XY sex-determining system as humans have. Such adaptations may be beneficial to the breeding process but can reduce genetic diversity.

Once spawned, a Komodo dragon can produce approximately 15 to 30 eggs. It takes about 7-8 months for the female to incubate and protect the eggs until they hatch, usually around April. Komodo dragons season occurs between May and August. Komodo dragon measuring approximately 30 cm only and will spendd the first years on the tree to be safe from predators. Komodo dragon baby predators are not only other carnivorous animals but even adultt dragons are also fond of preying on Komodo dragons. Komodo dragons need three to five years to mature and their lifespan can last more than 50 years.

Adult dragons can weigh up to 135 kilograms and about 2-3 meters long. Komodo tail tail which is the largest type of lizard in the worldd is almost the same as the length of his body. Large body size on the Komodo is knownn by the name of island gigantism. Island gigantismm is a biological phenomenon in which trends occur meraksasanya certain animal bodies that live on the small island due to the absence of other carnivorous mammals on the island. In addition, the slow rate of Komodo metabolism is also a cause of gigantism in the Komodo dragon. Due to its large body size, Komodo dragons occupy the highest position in the foodd chain in their natural habitat, which is the top predator that dominates the ecosystem.

As a carnivorous animal, the main dragons of course are meat or carcasses of other animals such as small mammals, birds and eggs, monkeys, wild pigs, deer, goats, horse and buffalo. Komodo is also canniball and love to prey on baby meat of komodo dragons or dragons smaller. When targeting prey, dragons can look passive and sneakyy but it is just camouflage because sharp-toothed animals of 60 pieces can suddenly chase and attack the prey. Komodo dragons are amazing, especially when chasing prey, reaching more than 20 km per hour. Komodo hunt prey with feel the movement, therefore do not run when close to the dragons.

Komodo bite that has a tooth along approximately 2.5 cm may not be able to paralyze the prey right then and there. However, saliva (saliva) dragons are believed and proven to contain a number of harmful bacteria. This bacteria will result in an infectionn that can paralyze the bite in about a week. Komodo only stalks its prey and then eat it when weak and careless. Uniquely, Komodo dragons bitten by otherr dragons will not experience the toxic effects of bacteria on the opponent’s saliva. It seems that they have their own immune system so that their weapons will never betray their same sex.

The smell of dragons that like to stay in place and hot temperatures can detect prey or meat even from a distance of more than 5 kilometers. These ancient reptiles ate by tearingg away large chunks of meat and swallowingg them evenly in one swallow. A dragons can eat prey that reaches 80% of its own body weight in one swallow. This is because the dragon has a jaw that can be developed, a flexible skull, and elastic stomach.

The process of swallowing this prey also takes a long time, approximately 15-20 minutes with the help of saliva. To help avoid chokingg while swallowing, the dragon breathes through a small channell under its tongue that is directly related to the lungs.

As an animal whose rate of metabolism is slow, Komodo dragons can survive by eating only once a month or 12 times a year. Finished to eat, dragons must hasten to speedd up the digestive process because if the foodd is decomposed it will poison its own body. After the food is ingested, the dragons will usually spew the horns, hair, and teeth of its prey which he swallows round in the form of lumps of foul-smelling mucus.

Komodo dragons include endangered species. Natural activities such as disasters, habitat destruction, fires, and loss of prey are some of the things that threaten the habitat and life of these giant reptiles. In addition, Komodo dragons were first discovered and documented a European in 1910, the original habitatt can only be found in Indonesia. Habitatnya precisely located in the area of ??Komodo Nationall Park and several other islands in Nusa Tenggara. Due to its uniqueness and scarcity, Komodo National Park has been declared a World Heritage Site and Man and Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1986. Hopefully this conservation area determination will continue to guarantee the preservation of Komodo dragons.

Come and see live animals live in Indonesia. Not only Komodo, its natural beauty is also very phenomenal, its pink sandy beaches and natural beauty under the sea that is still natural, will surely make you amazed.

 

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